The failure to protect minority rights is a readily understood consequence of the political logic behind the emergence of democracy. What requires explanation is not the relative rarity of liberal democracy, but its existence.
If authoritarian populism is rooted in economics, then the appropriate remedy is a populism of another kind – targeting economic injustice and inclusion, but pluralist in its politics and not necessarily damaging to democracy. If it is rooted in culture and values, however, there are fewer options
2019 yılının önemli ekonomik gelişmeleri, kritik siyasi gelişmeleri ve Türkiye ekonomisi; yerel seçimler, Brexit, Çin ve ABD
How Do Indirect Taxes on Tobacco Products Affect Inflation?
This study examines the effects of price adjustments in the tobacco sector on inflation in Turkey. The findings show that the taxes on tobacco products increase inflation in the short-term. However, the effect is rather limited, a 16 basis points increase in inflation if the current 65.25% Special Consumption Tax (SCT) increases by 25 basis points. Factors that cause inflation in the long-run are cost and demand. The cost-driven impact of tobacco prices on inflation is rather limited due to the low weight of this product in the consumption basket. Nevertheless, the structure of the tax multiplier used in tobacco taxation increases cigarette prices in a non-linear fashion and, therefore, has the potential to disrupt inflationary expectations.
You may click here to find the English version of the paper.
Drafted by Cem Çakmaklı, Selva Demiralp, Sevcan Yeşiltaş and Muhammed Yıldırım with the cooperation of ZAY Strateji and Philip Morris Sabancı.